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Canadian immigration process

Canadian immigration process

Canadian immigration process

January 25, 2022

Canadian immigration process

The Canadian immigration process is normally very complicated and lengthy with a lot of requirements before you can finally submit your application to the government. When it’s the time to apply, you want to ensure that you are fully prepared for a successful application and receiving a permanent resident card for becoming a full-fledged Canadian resident.

People from all around the world dream of living in this beautiful country, but only few are successful. Over the years people from various countries hope to live in Canada. The five top countries with the highest success rate between 2018 and 2021 belonged to India, China, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom.

These are few steps which you need to take to finally reach your destination.

  • Are you eligible? Canadian Immigration Eligibility
  • How to reach the destination? Top Canada Immigration Programs                       
  • What are the documents required?
  • How to apply?
  • Processing of immigration Application

Five simple steps of Canadian immigration process

Step1. Are you eligible? Check Your Eligibility

The answer to the question is you must meet the minimum requirements to pursue a new life in Canada. Before talking about the specific immigration programs, you need to know the basics.

To adapt easily to the Canadian society, you need to have a decent level of language proficiency in either French or English. You are required to take a language test for immigration purposes.

Canadian Immigration Eligibility: Minimum requirements

  • English or French language proficiency: You must secure a minimum of CLB 5 – 7 or NCLC 5 – 7 in all four language abilities.
  • Settlement funds: If you immigrate to Canada without a job then you must have sufficient settlement funds starting at CAD $12, 960 per single applicant, and an additional $3, 492 per family member.
  • Good health: You should be healthy enough. Your health should not affect other’s safety.
  • Clean criminal record: You should not have any prior sentence including DUI and you must not pose a security risk.
  • Inadmissible family member: If any of your family members have some serious health issue or possess a criminal record, you are not eligible to immigrate to Canada.


Step2. How to reach the destination? Explore best Canada Immigration Programs

In this step, you have to find out the best immigration program for you out of the various immigration and visa programs currently available for the people who want to settle in Canada. Easiest way to determine your perfect path to Canada is with an in-depth eligibility assessment from certified visa consultants.

Find out which immigration program is best suited for you by the Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants (RCICs) or learn about the top Canada immigration programs below.


Candidates having Canadian work experience or qualifications are generally favoured by the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Some of other ways suited for favourable applicants are:

  • Skilled foreign nationals that can speak French fluently
  • Skilled and unskilled foreign workers with Canadian work experience
  • Skilled foreign nationals with Canadian qualifications
  • Skilled and unskilled foreign workers with valid job offers in Canada
  • Highly specialized skilled foreign workers
  • Skilled and unskilled foreign workers in in-demand occupations
  1. Express Entry Canada

The Express Entry immigration system is the most popular path to Canada for skilled foreign workers. In 2021, 108,500 new residents will be welcomed through this pathway alone.

How does it work?

Step 1. Create an Express Entry Profile

Under this step, you need to create an Express Entry Profile which allows you to stand a chance of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency in Canada. After that you will qualify for one of the Express Entry immigration programs depending on your job type (NOC, A, O or B) and various other criteria such as years of work experience, level of education, and language proficiency:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • Federal Trades Work Program
  • Canadian Experience Class

Step 2. Improve your CRS score

Under this step, your profile will be ranked according to Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). After that candidate with the highest scores will be sent ITAs during bi-weekly Express Entry draws. The ideal CRS score is 500 points, and you may be able to achieve it if you:

  • Get a valid job offer in Canada.
  • Increase your level of education.
  • Improve your language proficiency scores in English or French or even both.
  • Gain more work experience; and
  • Achieve a Provincial Nomination

Step 3. Apply for permanent residency

If you receive an ITA, you need to accept the invitation within 90 days and submit additional documents which include reference letter from each previous employer, identity documents, medical examination results, and clearance certificates.

  1. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

This program focuses on recruiting people from countries abroad. The PNP is responsible for Canada’s second-largest intake of immigrants every year. This program is for the workers who have the skills, education and work experience to contribute to the economy of a specific province or territory.

  1. Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)

The AIP is basically designed for the skilled and intermediate skilled foreign workers who would like to settle in Canada’s Atlantic region which consist of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland and Labrador.

The Immigration programs under AIP are:

  • Atlantic High-Skilled Immigration Program.
  • Atlantic Intermediate Skilled Immigration Program, and
  • Atlantic Graduate Immigration Pilot
  1. Pilot Programs

There are various other programs such as Pilot Programs. Under this, there is Agri-Food Immigration Pilot and Home Care Provide Pilots, through which farm workers, industrial butchers, food processing laborers, and caregivers can immigrate to Canada. Lastly there is Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot which is made to attract the benefits of immigration to small communities across Canada. Skilled workers, intermediate skilled workers, and laborers help these communities grow by filling in-demand jobs and starting businesses of their own.

Step 3. What are the documents required?

Canadian immigration is normally a lengthy process because of the documentation work. You need to collect various documents to submit with your permanent resident application.

Given below is the list of documents required for Canada Immigration:

  • Valid passport/travel document
  • Medical examination certificate for immigration purposes
  • Biometrics
  • Police certificate
  • Language test results
  • Education Credential Assessment (ECA)
  • Valid job offers letter (if applicable)
  • Family information (if applicable)
  • Proof of previous relevant work experience
  • Proof of funds

These documents are very essential as they are required to support your immigration application.

Step 4: How to apply?

If the whole process of completing all required application forms, payment of application processing fee, and checking and collection of all required documents from the document checklist then you can submit your application online or mail it via courier to the relevant Canadian immigration department.

Useful info: If your application is missing any document, it will be returned to you and if you accidentally misrepresent yourself it may result in your application being denied with a 5-year ban before you will be allowed to apply again.

Step 5: Processing of Immigration Application 

Your application will undergo a detailed review by an IRCC Officer which can take a few months to complete. The Officer will review all the documents and information you have given and will make sure whether they meet the requirements.

Have a look at the processing times for the different immigration programs below:


These five steps can help you in understanding the complexities of moving to Canada. However, trusted immigration professionals like Shivani Khurana can be very helpful in completing the application process quite easily. If you are thinking of immigrating, there can’t be a better chance than this with the new generous immigration targets set at 1.23 million newcomers by 2023.

Simply, fill in the form below and we’ll get in touch to discuss the way forward to a new and exciting journey to Canada.

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