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Refugee/Protected Person

Refugee/Protected Person

Refugee/Protected Person

Being a signatory to the Status of Refugees of the Geneva Convention in 1951, Canada supports humanitarian cases of refugees. The Refugee System of Canada helps individuals who have to flee their home country because of a justified fear of persecution on the grounds of risk to life, torture, or unusual treatment. Established immigration consultants help individuals find appropriate immigration pathways in case of rejection of refugee claims.

Determination of refugee status

Individuals must be staying outside the home country with a proven fear of persecution to obtain asylum in Canada. The following are a few examples of persecuted persons who may become deemed refugees:

  • Human rights activists facing persecution by the government for criticism of policies
  • Labor union leaders who receive threats of violence from businesses supported by the government.
  • Members of religious or ethnic groups, who may be persecuted by the government
  • Women who are receiving inhuman and violent treatment because of the gender bias

Multiple circumstances may make a person a refugee in addition to the above.

Resettlement is the process of bringing refugees to Canada to protect the individuals seeking asylum in Canada. The process relies on the referrals from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada execute the resettlement of refugees by using the referrals from UNHCR.

Categories to determine a Protected Person

The following categories of protection are vital while making a decision:

An individual who is in need of Protection- If the individual is facing a risk of their life, threat of torture, and possibility of cruel or inhuman treatment after returning to the country of nationality

A Convention Refugee- A person with a justifiable fear of persecution with respect to racial, religious, political, or social reasons

Refugee status

An individual must be living outside the home country and is not willing to return to the home country of nationality to be determined as a refugee. A Refugee Status Document is essential if someone receives sponsorship from Community sponsors or a group of five.

Refugee Status is the document that officially establishes an individual as a refugee. The issuing authority of a Refugee Status may be the United Nations High Commission for Refugees or the individual’s country of asylum.

Resettlement of Protected Persons 

The refugee status determination is a lengthy process comprising multiple interviews. It also involves the verification of vital documents to demonstrate that the applicant is complying with the true definition of refugees. The following are two refugee resettlement programs:

  • Government-assisted Refugees (GAR)- Individual refugees cannot directly apply to Canada to obtain a resettlement facility. Potential refugees must register with state authorities or the UNHCR to consider their refugee claims.GAR requires the UNHCR to refer the refugees to Canada for their resettlement process. The government of Canada provides support to these refugees through Non-Government Organizations. These organizations may receive funds from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
  • Private Sponsorship of Refugees (PSR)- Private groups can consider sponsoring refugees for a sponsorship period of up to one year. The support may involve clothing, furniture, monthly expenses to cover the basic needs of housing and food. The protected individuals should also receive emotional and social support during the initial sponsorship period. Community sponsors, Sponsorship Agreement Holders, and Groups of Five are eligible to participate in Private Sponsorship of Refugees.

Refugees cannot immigrate to Canada in a real sense. They need a referral for resettlement by UNHCR and other refugee organizations. Individuals can explore other immigration pathways if they fail to qualify as refugees. ASI Immigration can help you explore over 100 different pathways to help you become permanent residents in Canada. Call us today for an in-depth assessment of your profile.

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