Call Us - (403)-450-8281
Applying for Protection from Outside Canada

Applying for Protection from Outside Canada

Applying for Protection from Outside Canada

Canada grants refugee protection to individuals who have left their country of nationality because of a justifiable fear of persecution. Refugees who need protection and are outside Canada can consider the Humanitarian Resettlement Program of Canada by exploring different options. Individuals who seek asylum in Canada must provide well-founded evidence of persecution in their home country besides undergoing security, biometric, health, and criminality checks to obtain refugee status.

No individual can directly apply from outside Canada for resettlement as a refugee. The refugee settlement process involves referral by a humanitarian organization like the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). Reputed immigration consultants can assist in discovering a variety of immigration options for those who face rejection of their refugee claims.


A referral from the UNHCR or a private sponsorship group and Refugee Status Document are crucial requirements for refugees seeking protection in Canada. These refugees must be living outside Canada and their home country. There are three steps to qualify for resettlement in Canada:

  • Referral
  • Eligibility and admissibility assessment
  • Final decision


Refugees need to receive a referral from UNHCR, the top referral organization, or private sponsorship groups to become eligible for refugee status. The three main referral organizations are:

UNHCR referral- UNHCR grants referral to refugees if there is no practical and durable solution. The vulnerability of the refugee is the most vital criterion for granting a refugee status. The refugees must belong to the Resettlement Categories of UNHCR. Selection will depend on several factors, including an interview with the UNHCR resettlement staff.

Private Sponsorship Referrals- The sponsorship group receives the name of a refugee from an overseas connection and applies on behalf of refugees along with the Refugee Status Document.

Eligibility and admissibility assessment

The eligibility process involves reviewing the application and documents pertaining to the refugee. The visa officer then interviews the refugee in the host country to confirm that the refugee meets the eligibility requirements.

Following the approval by the visa officer about the eligibility criteria, a refugee must undergo criminality and security checks. The Canadian Intelligence Service conducts these checks to ensure that refugees will not be a security risk. Refugees must also undergo medical examinations to eliminate chances of health risks to Canadians.

Final decision

Following the clearance by Canadian Security Intelligence Service and recommendation by the visa officer, the refugee gets the permanent residence status. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada(IRCC) issues a PR Visa and Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). There is a possibility of refusing an application for protection if the refugee fails to clear eligibility assessment or admissibility checks.

Resettlement options 

Canada offers different resettlement programs according to financial and other support from private sponsors and the Canadian government. The following are the three main categories of resettlement programs:

  • The government is fully responsible for support– The Government-assisted Refugees Program (GAR) commits financial support to refugees for their resettlement up to one year. The support may last till the refugees can support themselves before the time limit of one year.
  • Private sponsors are fully responsible for support- This is a Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program (PSR) that enables private sponsors to extend financial and non-financial support to eligible refugees for the initial period of one year. The programs may include Group of Five, Community Sponsors, or Sponsorship Agreement Holders (SAH).
  • Private sponsors and the government share the responsibility– BVOR or the Blended Visa Office-referred Program involves the government offering support for the first six months. The remaining six months are the responsibility of private sponsors. The other programs under this category are The Rainbow Refugee Assistance Partnership (RRAP) and the Joint Assistance Program (JAP).

Refusal of an application for protection need not be the end of the road. ASI Immigration offers professional guidance to find an appropriate immigration pathway by assessing your situation. Give us a call now to discover helpful options to immigrate to Canada.

    Get started

    Contact us to get started and we can help you with all types of immigration-related matters.

    Recent Posts

    December 26, 2023

    Navigating Canada’s Spousal Sponsorship

    Embarking on the journey of spousal sponsorship in Canada is a significant step towards uniting with your loved one. This comprehensive guide aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the eligibility criteria, processes, and nuances involved in bringing your spouse to the beautiful landscapes of Canada. Eligibility Criteria Unveiled The foundation of a successful spousal […]

    Learn More
    December 18, 2023

    Can You Have More Than One Express Entry Profile?

    Embarking on the journey to Canadian permanent residency as a skilled worker starts with completing an Express Entry profile. However, a common question arises: Can you have more than one Express Entry profile? The answer, according to the Government of Canada’s immigration law, is a firm no. Each applicant is allowed only one active Express […]

    Learn More
    December 4, 2023

    Your Brief Guide to the Canada Express Entry

    Embarking on a journey to make Canada your home is an exciting yet complex process. The Express Entry system has emerged as a pivotal pathway for skilled immigrants, offering a streamlined approach to permanent residence. In this guide, we unravel the nuances of Canada’s Express Entry, providing you with a roadmap to navigate this dynamic […]

    Learn More
    November 27, 2023

    Top 10 FAQs About the Canadian Work Permit

    Securing a work permit to toil on Canadian soil is a pathway embraced by many foreign nationals seeking opportunities in the Great White North. However, the journey through Canada’s work permit intricacies can feel akin to navigating a labyrinth. Fear not; we’ve compiled the top 10 frequently asked questions about Canada’s work permit process to […]

    Learn More
    November 15, 2023

    How to recognize a Trusted DLI for Your Canadian Study Journey

    In a startling turn of events, Northern College in Timmins, Ontario, retracted admission offers for 504 international students merely weeks before the commencement of classes. This unforeseen decision left students grappling with frustration, confusion, and financial setbacks. According to Northern College President Audrey Penner, the abrupt surge in visa approvals exceeded their expectations, resulting in […]

    Learn More
    November 1, 2023

    Canada’s Work Permit Pathways for Dependent Children of age

    Canada has recently unveiled a groundbreaking policy designed to alleviate chronic labor shortages and foster family integration within its communities. This initiative allows dependent children of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) to qualify for work permits, expanding opportunities for families to stay together. Under the updated policy, specific criteria determine the eligibility of family members for […]

    Learn More


    Take a look at how our clients appreciate what we do.

    Need A Consultation?

    Book an appointment with ASI immigration experts

    Book an Appointment