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Applying for Protection from Outside Canada

Applying for Protection from Outside Canada

Applying for Protection from Outside Canada

Canada grants refugee protection to individuals who have left their country of nationality because of a justifiable fear of persecution. Refugees who need protection and are outside Canada can consider the Humanitarian Resettlement Program of Canada by exploring different options. Individuals who seek asylum in Canada must provide well-founded evidence of persecution in their home country besides undergoing security, biometric, health, and criminality checks to obtain refugee status.

No individual can directly apply from outside Canada for resettlement as a refugee. The refugee settlement process involves referral by a humanitarian organization like the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). Reputed immigration consultants can assist in discovering a variety of immigration options for those who face rejection of their refugee claims.

Overview

A referral from the UNHCR or a private sponsorship group and Refugee Status Document are crucial requirements for refugees seeking protection in Canada. These refugees must be living outside Canada and their home country. There are three steps to qualify for resettlement in Canada:

  • Referral
  • Eligibility and admissibility assessment
  • Final decision

Referral

Refugees need to receive a referral from UNHCR, the top referral organization, or private sponsorship groups to become eligible for refugee status. The three main referral organizations are:

UNHCR referral- UNHCR grants referral to refugees if there is no practical and durable solution. The vulnerability of the refugee is the most vital criterion for granting a refugee status. The refugees must belong to the Resettlement Categories of UNHCR. Selection will depend on several factors, including an interview with the UNHCR resettlement staff.

Private Sponsorship Referrals- The sponsorship group receives the name of a refugee from an overseas connection and applies on behalf of refugees along with the Refugee Status Document.

Eligibility and admissibility assessment

The eligibility process involves reviewing the application and documents pertaining to the refugee. The visa officer then interviews the refugee in the host country to confirm that the refugee meets the eligibility requirements.

Following the approval by the visa officer about the eligibility criteria, a refugee must undergo criminality and security checks. The Canadian Intelligence Service conducts these checks to ensure that refugees will not be a security risk. Refugees must also undergo medical examinations to eliminate chances of health risks to Canadians.

Final decision

Following the clearance by Canadian Security Intelligence Service and recommendation by the visa officer, the refugee gets the permanent residence status. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada(IRCC) issues a PR Visa and Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). There is a possibility of refusing an application for protection if the refugee fails to clear eligibility assessment or admissibility checks.

Resettlement options 

Canada offers different resettlement programs according to financial and other support from private sponsors and the Canadian government. The following are the three main categories of resettlement programs:

  • The government is fully responsible for support– The Government-assisted Refugees Program (GAR) commits financial support to refugees for their resettlement up to one year. The support may last till the refugees can support themselves before the time limit of one year.
  • Private sponsors are fully responsible for support- This is a Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program (PSR) that enables private sponsors to extend financial and non-financial support to eligible refugees for the initial period of one year. The programs may include Group of Five, Community Sponsors, or Sponsorship Agreement Holders (SAH).
  • Private sponsors and the government share the responsibility– BVOR or the Blended Visa Office-referred Program involves the government offering support for the first six months. The remaining six months are the responsibility of private sponsors. The other programs under this category are The Rainbow Refugee Assistance Partnership (RRAP) and the Joint Assistance Program (JAP).

Refusal of an application for protection need not be the end of the road. ASI Immigration offers professional guidance to find an appropriate immigration pathway by assessing your situation. Give us a call now to discover helpful options to immigrate to Canada.

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